The ancient city
The ancient city of Apollonia stands on a ridge near the village of Pojan, 8 km west of the town of Fier. The settlement was founded by Illyrians, and was re-founded around 588 BC as a Greek colony by settlers from Corinth and Corcyra (Corfu). Many surviving monuments, such as the city walls, the theatre, the nymphaeum, the Stoa, the Temenos, the odeon and the bouleuterion testify to a distinguished history
The defensive circuit, approximately 8–10 m high and 5 km in circumference, encloses the whole city of about 140 ha. It was built in a combination of ashlar masonry, mud-brick and fired brick between the 6th and 4th centuries BC.
The typical Hellenistic theater would have accommodated 11,000–13,000 spectators. It was built in the 2nd half of the 3rd century BC, renovated at the end of the 1st century AD or during the 2nd, and was abandoned in the 3rd century AD.
This monumental fountain was built in the 2nd half of the 3rd century BC, both for utility and for display. The five Doric columns framing the reservoir have been re-erected since their discovery.
The two-storied stoa in the Corinthian Order, built at the end of the 4th century BC, served as an exemplar for other stoas in Illyrian towns.
The temenos is a sacred area, in which stood a Temple of Artemis, built in the 2nd half of the 6th century BC. It was a place of refuge and asylum for slaves and women who wished to escape. It was enclosed by a wall in the 3rd century BC.
The Odeon served for literary and musical recitals. The monument had three entrances, 13 tiers of seating and a capacity of about 400. It is dated to the 2nd century AD.
Monument of Agonothetes
The bouleuterion was a council chamber 15 × 9 m, with an elegant facade on whose pediment is commemorated the founder in Greek letters: Q. Villius Crispinus Furius, a prominent prytanis (councilor), agonothetes (judge at public games) and high priest in the 2nd century AD